Industrial & warehousing supply in Q1 2024 inched towards 7 million square feet

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Gurgaon, 18 April 2024:  Amidst steady leasing, new supply inched towards 7 million sq ft during Q1 2024, the highest in last two years. Around 33% of the new Grade A developments in the first quarter was concentrated in Delhi NCR. Industrial and warehousing leasing activity across the top five cities remained buoyant during Q1 2024 at 7 million sq ft. Mumbai and Chennai led the demand with about 55% share. Interestingly, leasing in Chennai, especially remained robust, with industrial & warehousing space take-up in Q1 2024 almost twice the leasing activity in corresponding period of last year. Across the top five cities, Bhiwandi in Mumbai with 1.7 million sq ft of Grade A demand, was the most active market for Q1 2024. Bhiwandi was followed by Oragadam in Chennai, which surpassed leasing activity of Chakan Talegoan in Pune for the first time in a while.

Third-party logistics players (3PL) continued to be the top occupiers of industrial and warehousing space, contributing to over 40% in the total warehousing demand. 3PL space uptake was driven by healthy activity in Chennai particularly. The city accounted for about 43% of the overall 3PL activity in the top five cities. Interestingly, at the Pan-India level, retail players accounted for 16% of the demand during the quarter, followed by engineering and automobile players with 12% share each.

Trends in Grade A Gross absorption (million sq ft)

City Q1 2024 Q1 2023 Q4 2023 YoY change QoQ change
Chennai 1.9 1 1.6 90% 19%
Mumbai 1.9 1.8 1.5 6% 27%
Delhi NCR 1.4 2.1 1.4 -33% 0%
Pune 1.3 1.4 2.3 -7% -43%
Bengaluru 0.5 0.7 0.9 -29% -44%
TOTAL 7 7 7.7 0% -9%

Trends in Grade A Supply (million sq ft)

City Q1 2023 Q4 2023 Q1 2024 YoY change QoQ change
Bengaluru 0.5 1.1 1.4 180% 27%
Chennai 1.2 0.9 1.3 8% 44%
Delhi NCR 1.1 2.0 2.3 109% 15%
Mumbai 1.3 0.2 1.0 -23% 400%
Pune 1.7 2.2 0.9 -47% -59%
TOTAL 5.8 6.4 6.9 19% 8%

“While 3PL players continued to drive industrial & warehousing leasing activity, demand from Retail, Engineering and Automobile players too accounted for a significant share in Q1 2024. It is noteworthy to see that the cumulative share of these three sectors have risen from 26% in Q1 2023 to 40% in Q1 2024. This signifies changing consumption patterns and hints at opportunities emerging in the sector from the steady demand diversification.” says Vijay Ganesh, Managing Director, Industrial & Logistics Services, Colliers India.

Both retail and E-commerce segment witness over 2X surge in leasing

E-commerce segment has seen robust growth post Covid-19 and witnessed 2.3X times leasing during Q1 2024 compared to the same period in 2023. With increased focus on digital infrastructure and changing consumption patterns, E-commerce segment is further likely to warm up and create more demand for warehouses. Moreover, the rise of Q-commerce players is also likely to catalyze demand for bigger hub warehouses.

Warehousing space uptake by retail players also witnessed heightened traction in Q1 2024 and witnessed more than twice the demand a year ago. The expansionary activity is being driven by strong retail activity across cities, especially in large department stores. Favorable consumption pattern has the potential to translate into healthy demand for warehousing space in the upcoming quarters.

Large sized deals account for over 50% of the industrial & warehousing space demand

During Q1 2024, large deals (>200,000 sq ft) accounted for 51% of the demand, a significant rise from about 40% share during 2023. Amongst these larger deals, 3PL companies continued to account for the bulk of share. However, the rise in share of large deals was driven by large space uptake, particularly by retail and E-commerce players during the quarter. Chennai followed by Mumbai dominated the proportion of large-sized deals across the top five cities.

“While the average quarterly industrial and warehousing space demand in the last two years has been at around 6 mn sq ft, average incremental supply has been comparatively lower. With continued healthy leasing activity in last few quarters, developer confidence seems to have significantly improved. With a Grade A supply pipeline of about 23-25 mn sq ft for the year 2024, supply is likely to closely follow demand trend across the top five cities of the country. Overall, an upbeat start to the year holds potential to translate into a healthy performance by the industrial & warehousing sector in 2024. says Vimal Nadar, Senior Director & Head of Research, Colliers India.

top 5 deals for Q1 2024-

City Quarter of Transaction Year Property Name Tenant Industry Area (Sq ft) Cluster
Pune Q1 2024 Ascendas Park MLL 3PL 500,000 Chakan Talegaon
Chennai Q1 2024 Indospace III – Ullavur DHL 3PL 490,324 Oragadam
Mumbai Q1 2024 Antariksh Green DMart Retail 400,000 Bhiwandi
Chennai Q1 2024 ESR Foxconn Electronics 320,044 Oragadam
Bengaluru Q1 2024 Sumadhura Logistics Park Zomato E-commerce 300,000 Hoskote Narsapura

Source: Colliers

Note: Data pertains to Grade A buildings for top five cities- Bengaluru, Chennai, Delhi NCR, Mumbai and Pune

Vacancy levels largely remain rangebound amidst rising supply and healthy demand

Supply infusion during the quarter was almost in line with the leasing activity, indicating improved developer confidence for the industrial and warehousing sector. At 11% by the end of first quarter, vacancy levels however increased by 120 bps as compared to Q4 of last year on account of churn and exits in the industrial and warehousing space. Amidst healthy demand and supply, rentals remained rangebound and rose by about 8% in select micro markets of Chennai and Pune.