Uterus Cancer in older women is on the Rise: Know from the Expert

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Dr. Prathima Reddy_Director & Lead Consultant, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology_SPARSH Hospital, Banaglore

Dr. Prathima Reddy, Director & Lead Consultant, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, SPARSH Hospital, Bangalore.

Bangalore, Apr 30, 2024: Uterine cancer, primarily affecting postmenopausal women, has seen a concerning uptick in incidence rates in recent times. This surge in cases is predominantly noted in urban regions, surpassing the rates of cervical cancer in these areas.

There’s been a *132% increase in the number of Uterine cancer cases worldwide*. Uterine cancer, also known as endometrial cancer, originates in the lining of the womb (endometrium). It is the most common gynecologic cancer worldwide, the incidence in India is about 3.9%. says Dr. Prathima Reddy, Director & Lead Consultant, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, SPARSH Hospital, Bangalore.

Here are a few causes why women in urban areas are more affected by Uterine Cancer:

Obesity: Easy access to high-calorie foods, and decreased physical activity compared to rural areas increases the chances of obesity among people living in Urban areas. Obesity, in turn, constitutes a risk factor for uterine cancer.

Sedentary Lifestyle and Dietary Factors: Urban lifestyles, characterized by sedentary behaviors like prolonged sitting due to desk jobs or car commuting, coupled with diets high in processed foods and sugars, increases the risk of uterine cancer. In contrast, rural lifestyles often entail more physical activity and diets rich in fresh fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, which are linked to a decreased risk of uterine cancer.

Reproductive Factors: Never having had children increases the risk of uterine cancer as opposed to having at least one pregnancy. Career priorities in urban women may contribute to this.

Environmental Factors: Urban areas may have higher levels of pollution, exposure to endocrine-disrupting chemicals, and other environmental factors that could contribute to the development of uterine cancer.

Hormonal Factors: Exposure to hormones, whether through hormone replacement therapy, or other medications, may differ between urban and rural populations due to differences in healthcare access and prescribing patterns. Hormonal influences play a significant role in the development of uterine cancer among women.

The increasing occurrence of uterine cancer poses a notable public health concern demanding immediate attention and collaborative effort. By understanding the underlying factors driving this trend, we can strive to reverse the trajectory and reduce the burden of uterine cancer on women’s health and well-being.